Global Health & Gender Policy Brief: The Global Burden of Stillbirths
In 2021, 1.9 million stillbirths occurred globally. A baby who dies at or after 28 weeks of pregnancy,* and is born with no sign of life is classified as a stillbirth. Stillbirths can be caused by pregnancy and childbirth-related complications, like hemorrhage, placental abruption, and pre-eclampsia; maternal infections during pregnancy, including malaria and sexually transmitted infections; prolonged pregnancy to 42 weeks or more; and pre-existing health conditions. Other risk factors include maternal age and smoking during pregnancy.
While the rates of stillbirth have reduced since 35 percent since 2000, it pales in comparison to other significant strides made in preventing newborn and child death For example, under five mortality rates declined by 50% in the same period. Without intervention, 15.9 million babies will be stillborn between now and 2030. Increased research and political attention to stillbirths offers an opportunity to accelerate progress and reduce this number.
In a new policy brief, The Global Burden of Stillbirths, the Wilson Center’s Maternal Health Initiative lays out the multi-faceted impacts of stillbirth on community, individuals, and society, and offers recommendations for increasing attention and action in preventing stillbirths and creating healthy and supportive environments for families who have experienced stillbirth.
About the Authors
Maternal Health Initiative
Life and health are the most basic human rights, yet disparities between and within countries continue to grow. No single solution or institution can address the variety of health concerns the world faces. By leveraging, building on, and coordinating the Wilson Center’s strong regional and cross-cutting programming, the Maternal Health Initiative (MHI) promotes dialogue and understanding among practitioners, scholars, community leaders, and policymakers. Read more